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HomeConfrenecePast ConferenceInternational Counter Terrorism conference 2022 || January 17th to January 22nd 2022

International Counter Terrorism conference 2022 || January 17th to January 22nd 2022

International Counter Terrorism conference 2022

January 17th to January 22nd 2022

The conference was inaugurated by Rear Admiral (Dr.) Sanatan Kulshreshtha, Executive Council Member-GCTC & Former Director General-Naval Armament Inspection, Dr JM Vyas, Vice-Chancellor, National Forensic Sciences University, Dr Kanwal Sibal, Chairman, Advisory Board, GCTC & Former Foreign Secretary, Government of India, Dr Shekhar Dutt, SM, IAS(Retd.), Patron-Global Counter Terrorism Council & Former Governor-Chhattisgarh & Former Defence Secretary, Government of India, with keynote addresses from Gen J J Singh, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC Patron-GCTC, Former Governor & Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army, and a message from Secretary West, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India.

The day one conference had 5 sessions:

Session 1: Soft Power & Cultural Diplomacy in Counter-Terrorism :

The session was chaired by Amb Suresh Goel, Former Director-General of Indian Council of Cultural Relations with prominent speakers including Eliezer Moodi Sandberg, Former Deputy Minister, Israel, Dr Sandeep Marwah, Executive Council Member, GCTC & President of Asian Academy of Film & Television, Peter Knoope, Fellow, International Center for Counter Terrorism, Veer Munshi, Artist, Author, Sculpturist, Painter, Abhay Rustum Sopori, Santoor Maestro and Haji Syed Salman Chisty, GCTC Member.

Session 2: Global Terror Landscape Threats, Challenges & Response: An Overview :

The session was chaired by Amb Anil Wadhwa, Executive Council Member-GCTC & Former Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India with speakers such as Edmund Fitton Brown, Coordinator, ISIS, Al- Qaeda, and Taliban Monitoring Team, United Nations, Prof. Harsh V Pant, Professor of International Relations, King’s College, London, Rear Admiral (RADM) Mark Montgomery(Retd.). Senior Director of CCTI and Senior Fellow at Foundation for Defence of Democracies (FDD) and Executive Director of CyberSolarium.org, Dr Waiel Awwad, Distinguished Advisor West Asia and Air Commodore K.R. Thaakar, Dean, School of Police Science & Security Studies, National Forensic Sciences University, India.

Keynote Address- Gen J J Singh, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC Patron-GCTC, Former Governor & Chief of Army Staff, Indian Army :

Kashmir being an inalienable part of India shares a culture that is inherent to India. Pakistan tried to invade Kashmir, but were swiftly tackled by the Indian Army that led to the ceasefire line and subsequent creation of POK, which is an integral part of India. The Indian army has extensive experience in insurgency. With the abrogation of Article 370, mal governance and misadministration have taken a back seat. The Indian Army is well prepared to defend our frontier region from any hostility.

Session 3: Africa Terror Landscape: Threats, Challenges & Response :

African Terrorist Systems: Methods, Capabilities & Drivers

The session was chaired by Anil Trigunayat, Former Ambassador of India to Jordan, Libya and Malta; Secretary, Association of Indian Diplomats; Distinguished Fellow Vivekananda International Foundation & Hon Adviser on the Middle East & North Africa to FICCI/ BRICS Chamber of Commerce with speakers such as H.E. Mr GV Srinivas, Ambassador of India to Senegal, Amb. Ezzat Saad Elsayed, Director, Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs (ECFA), Dr Emmanuel Mbaezue, Research Consultant, Nigeria and Prof. Max Abrahms, International Security Prof, Northeastern University, USA.

Session 4: Role of Citizens in Fighting Terrorism :

The session was chaired by Prof Madhav Das Nalapat, Executive Council Member GCTC, UNESCO Chair for Peace, Manipal University with speakers such as Dr Yogendra Narain, IAS (Retd) Patron GCTC, Chancellor HNB Garhwal University, Former Sec. Gen. Rajya Sabha, Former Defence Sec.Government of India and Vivek Tankha, Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha.

Session 5: Middle East Terror Landscape: Threats, Challenges & Response :

Middle East Terrorist Systems: Methods, Capabilities & Drivers

The session was chaired by Anil Trigunayat, Former Ambassador of India to Jordan, Libya and Malta; Secretary, Association of Indian Diplomats; Distinguished Fellow Vivekananda International Foundation & Hon Adviser on the Middle East & North Africa to FICCI/ BRICS Chamber of Commerce with speakers including Gen Elias Farhat, Lebanese Army, Prof.(Dr.) Ruben Safrastyan, Acting Scientific Lead, Counsellor of Director, Institute of Oriental Studies, Armenia National Academy of Sciences, Yerevan Armenia and Prof Julia Roknifard, Assistant Professor, University of Nottingham Malaysia.

Gen David Petreaus, Former CIA Chief in conversation with Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla, PVSM, YSM, SM, ADC, GOC-in-C ARTRAC, Indian Army on “The Future of Terror”

The issue raised by Lt Gen Raj Shukla was regarding, ‘‘The containment of conventional adversaries and the challenges of combatting terrorism’’. Gen Petraeus explained, “It depends on the nation and its geopolitics, further stating how the Ukraine-Russia conflict acts as a ‘conventional challenge’, while the ‘international extremist’ challenge, as POTUS Biden calls it, “is another landscape of threats and challenges altogether. Syria and Iraq, for example, have been destroyed, in terms of their caliphate, both virtually and on ground. The scenario around the Indian neighbourhood is worrisome, as the Indian subcontinent is now surrounded by ISIS-K and myriads of terrorist groups. These extremists are so extreme that even Al Qaeda ousted them. In general, a campaign that is sustainable in terms of blood and treasure is needed, which can sustain it for at least a generation. Else, these efforts are not the kind which you can, as a conventional war, wage against extremists and declare winners. We need to strive to fight these menaces, as terrorists get easy access to all the new technology.”

Lt Gen Raj Shukla then asked Gen Petraeus about, “The use of the lexicon of ‘endless wars and strategic deployments, in light of the US’ military commitments in Iraq, Afghanistan and their military presence in Korea.” General Patreus elaborated, “The USA has kept forces on a number of occasions in Western and Eastern Europe, the African continent, and the Korean peninsula. There are 30,000 plus forces still present in Japan, decades after the end of World War II. However, none of them are in active combat. It is entirely understandable to say in a political campaign that you want to end endless wars, as no one wants it more than those who have actually fought and know first-hand the loss, sacrifice, tragedy, and frustration. Among the lessons of the past 20 years, one is that extremists exploit and thrive in ungoverned spaces. They spew violence, extremism, instability along with a tsunami of refugees into neighbouring countries, as Pakistan is already beginning to experience. Hence, a comprehensive approach is needed, one that involves more than just using counter-terrorist forces. These are certainly not fights of a decade, much less a few years. As discussed earlier, there is no decisive terrain to combat terrorism. India has dealt with challenges from insurgents and extremists for decades and India, like the US, earnestly recognizes that it needs to continue these efforts.”

Day 2 of the conference saw 5 sessions and 4 keynote addresses from eminent speakers from all over the world.

Session 6: Terror Landscape Threats, Challenges & Response: South East Asia Overview :

Terrorist Systems: Methods, Capabilities & Drivers

The session was chaired by Journalist Kartikeya Sharma with speakers such as Prof. Rommel Banlaoi, Director, Center for Intelligence and National Security Studies Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research, Ahmad El-Muhammady, Associate Fellow, International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT) and Liang Pingan, Senior Fellow, China Arab Centre for Reform and Development.

Keynote Address by Prof. Alessandro Politi, Director, NATO Defense College on Foundation on The Global Strategic Picture Around Terrorism. A Euro-Atlantic View

NATO supports the development of new technologies, but the important thing is that NATO cooperates with partners of 70 countries involved across the globe. It is at least established that around 25,000 fatalities have arisen from terrorism, and there was an average of 20,000 to 21,000 people killed worldwide. It is essential to have that sort of meeting because terrorism tends to be very focused; in the end, 95 deaths occurred just in three regions: the Middle East, Africa and South Asia. The latest engagement of secretary-general Stoltenberg was on the 22nd of October in 2021, framework of the global coalition against ISIS in Brussels, so NATO must be committed to fight and preserve counter-terrorism gains over the past 20 years.

Session 7: Terror Landscape Threats, Challenges & Response: North-East Asia Overview :

Terrorist Systems: Methods, Capabilities & Drivers

The session was chaired by Amb Skand Tayal, Former Ambassador of India to South Korea with speakers such as Prof. Lai Chung, President, Prospect Foundation, Taiwan, Prof. Rafiq Dossani, Director, RAND Centre for Asia Pacific Policy, Dr Sandip Mishra, Associate Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Dr Jagannath P. Panda, Research Fellow and Coordinator of the East Asia Centre at MP-IDSA and Col Grant Newsham, Defence Analyst.

Session 8: Terror Landscape Threats, Challenges & Response: Europe Overview :

Terrorist Systems: Methods, Capabilities & Drivers

The session was chaired by Ambassador Manjeev Singh Puri, IFS(Retd), Former Ambassador of India to Nepal, European Union, Belgium & Luxembourg with speakers ranging from H.E. Mr Emmanuel Lenain, Ambassador of France to India, H E. Mr Ugo Astuto, Ambassador of the European Union to India, Robert Örell, Ambassador, RAN – Radicalization Awareness Network, Dr Lorenzo Vidino, Director, Program on Extremism, George Washington University and Luca Cinciripini, PhD candidate, Institutions and Policies Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan

Keynote Address by Hans Jakob Schindler, Senior Director Counter Extremism Project & Former Coordinator and Expert of the ISIL (Da’esh)/ Al -Qaida/Taliban Sanctions Monitoring Team

Dr. Hans Jakob Schindler commenced his presentation with an overview of what is actually going on in Afghanistan and within the Taliban. He mentioned that there were actually very few fights fought. There were agreements or handovers made within the previous government and Taliban. And then quick takeovers. As the government was in the opinion that they would not be able to withstand the Taliban and now the Talibans are running the government. He further mentioned that the terror threat landscape is still present there, due to the presence of Al-Qaida affiliated groups, Lashkar-e-Tayiba, Haqqani network and ISIL groups.

Session 9: Terror Landscape Threats, Challenges & Response: South and Central Asia Overview :

Terrorist Systems: Methods, Capabilities & Drivers

The session was chaired by TCA Raghavan, IFS(retd), Former Director General, Indian Council for World Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India & Former High Commissioner of India to Pakistan with eminent speakers such as H.E. Mr Milinda Moragoda, High Commissioner of Sri Lanka to India, Vadim Kozyulin, Head-Global Studies & International Relations, Moscow, Russia, Suhasini Haider, National Editor and Diplomatic Affairs Editor, The Hindu, Hans Jakob Schindler, Senior Director Counter Extremism Project & Former Coordinator and Expert of the ISIL (Da’esh)/ Al -Qaida/Taliban Sanctions Monitoring Team, Maj Gen Abdur Rashid, Executive Director, Maj Gen Binoj Basnyat and Prof. Sanjay K Bhardwaj, JNU.

Keynote Address by Ambassador T S Tirumurti, IFS, Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations, New York & the Chair of the Counter-Terrorism Committee of the UN Security Council

Ambassador T S Tirumurti has mentioned that Terrorism is universal and it can only be defeated by cooperation from all UN member states. Terrorism in all its form needs to explanation and should be condemned at every stage and in every form. Through initiatives like UN’s Counter Terrorism Strategy, we strive towards promoting peace. Counter terrorism measures have failed miserably due to individual efforts and not collective conscience. As a global measure, There can be no exception or justifications for any act of terrorism.

Session 10: Terror Landscape Threats, Challenges & Response: North America & South America Overview :

The session was chaired by Amb Shashank, Patron GCTC & Former Foreign Secretary, Govt. of India with speakers such as H.E. Mrs Mariana Pacheco Montes, Ambassador of Colombia to India, Anne Speckhard, Director of the International Centre for the Study of Violent Extremism (ICSVE), Maria Zuppello, Investigative journalist & Author ”Tropical Jihad” & Assistant Team Leader, The Counterterrorism Group, Dr Abha Shankar, Director of Research, Investigative Project on Terrorism, U.S.A., Peter Romaniuk, Associate Professor, Political Science, John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center, City University & Director, Center on Terrorism John Jay and Dr Aprajita Kashyap, Assistant Professor, Centre for Canadian, US & Latin America Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Day 3 of the conference had 8 sessions and 1 keynote address.

Keynote Address Vivek Agnihotri on “Kashmir, Terrorism & Humanity”

Kashmir being the centre for everything has to have global attention in promoting peace. Through Terrorism, the entire knowledge of humanity is being destroyed and we have to preserve the knowledge of local folklore.

Session 11: Changing Dynamics of Terrorism: Macro Trends Applicable in Indian Context (Part-1) :

Proxy War in Jammu and Kashmir & Ladakh

The session was chaired by Kuldeep Khoda, IPS(Retd), Former DGP- J&K with speakers such as Major General Ravi Murugan, ADGMO, Indian Army, Lt Gen Satish Dua, (Retd) Executive Council Member-GCTC & Former CISC & GOC 15Corps, Avinash Mohanani, Former Special Director, Intelligence Bureau, Government of India., Barkha Dutt, Founder Editor, MOJO & We The Women and Air Commodore K.R. Thaakar, Former Provost Marshal of Indian Air Force, presently Dean, School of Police Science & Security Studies, National Forensic Sciences University, India.

Session 12: Changing Dynamics of Terrorism: Macro Trends Applicable in Indian Context (Part-2) :

Resolution of Ethno nationalist challenges for peace & development in North East

Overview of the Current Security Situation in the North East

The session was chaired by Lt Gen Arun Sahni, PVSM, UYSM, SM, VSM Former General Officer Commanding in Chief, Indian Army with speakers such as Lt Gen Pradeep Chandran Nair, Director General, Assam Rifles, Jaideep Saikia, Security Expert, Lt Gen Konsam Himalay Singh, PhD (Veteran), PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, YSM, Lt Gen Shokin Chauhan, AVSM, YSM, Former Chairman, Ceasefire Monitoring Group & Director General- Assam Rifles and Sanjoy Hazarika, Director-CSRI & Managing Trustee-Centre for North East Studies.

Session 13: Changing Dynamics of Terrorism: Macro Trends Applicable in Indian Context (Part-3) :

Left-Wing Extremism

The session was chaired by Avinash Mohanani, Former Director-General of Police-Sikkim & Special Director, Intelligence Bureau, Government of India with speakers such as Dr. Anand P Maheshwari, Former Special Secretary Internal Security, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Ch Srikanth IPS, IGP, Spl Intelligence Branch, Andhra Pradesh and Brigadier Basant K Ponwar, Director, Counter Terrorism & Jungle Warfare College, KANKER

Session 14: Changing Dynamics of Terrorism: Macro Trends Applicable in Indian Context (Part-4) :

Challenges in the Border States (Hinterland).

The session was chaired by Lt Gen K J Singh, PVSM, AVSM & Bar(Veteran), Former GOC-in-C Western Command, Executive Council Member GCTC with eminent speakers such as Maj Gen AK Siwach (retd) YSM, VSM and Bar, Former Chief of Territorial Army and Dr Anand P Maheshwari, Former Special Secretary Internal Security, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

Session 15: Lone Wolf Terrorism: Threats, Challenges & Responses :

The session was chaired by Guermantes Lailari (Lt Col, USAF, RETD) with speakers such as Prof. Boaz Ganor, Founder and executive director, International Centre of Counter Terrorism, Prof. Ramón Spaaij, Victoria University and Prof. Laura Quadarella Sanfelice, Professor of Counter-Terrorism, Sapienza University; Founder and Director of Mediterranean Insecurity.

Session 16: Targeting of Terrorists: Challenges & Implications :

The session was chaired by Guermantes Lailari (Lt Col, USAF, RETD) with prominent speakers BG Yossi Kuperwasser, Israeli Intelligence and security expert, Douglas London, Adjunct Associate Professor at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, Former CIA Chief of Station and Director of National Intelligence Representative, the President’s senior intelligence representative and Maj Gen Harsha Kakar(Retd.), Defence Expert.

Session 17: Models for Online Content Governance :

Misuse of online communication platforms

The session was chaired by Dr Kriti Singh, Assistant Professor, School of Media, Film and Entertainment, Sharda University with speakers such as Dr Erin Saltman, Director Of Programming, Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT), Nawab Osman, Head of Counter Terrorism and Dangerous Organisation, Asia Pacific, Meta, Alexander Ritzmann, Senior Advisor, Counter Extremism Project (CEP) and Manish Shanker Sharma (IPS), Additional Director General of Police.

Session 18: WMD & CBRN Terrorism: Threats, Challenges & Responses :

The session was chaired by Dr Sudharshan Kumar, Member GCTC, Former DG-DRDO with speakers such BG(ret) Ioannis Galatas, MD; Manager, CBRN Knowledge Centre, International CBRN Institute, Belgium, Dr Gary Ackerman, Director, Centre for Advanced Red Teaming at University at Albany, SUNY and Carol Simonetti, International Terrorism Analyst and Researcher.

Day 4 concluded with 5 sessions and 5 keynote addresses :

Keynote Address by Chief of Defence Staff, Sri Lanka General Shavendra Silva WWV, RWP, RSP, VSV, USP,

Terrorism is a global problem and it serves as nothing but a threat to global peace. South Asia is considered a terrorist turf due to domestic rifts in the society. South Asia is often overwhelmed by insurgencies. By regional cooperation, we can arrive at a broad strategic direction and road map that evolves a regional approach.

Session 19: ML/TF: Trends, Challenges, and Responses Role of Banks and Financial Institutions in curbing Money Laundering :

Countering Use of Cryptocurrencies to finance terrorism

The session was moderated by Kartikeya Sharma, Senior Journalist with eminent speakers such as Theresa Karunakaran, Former Director, Regulatory Affairs with Deutsche Bank and Neeraj Khandelwal, Co-founder, CoinDCX.

Keynote Address by Michael Chertoff, Chairman, Chertoff Group & Former United States Secretary of Homeland Security, United States of America

Terrorism is one of the black spots that we have yet to remove from our very lives. US has recalled how terrorism called for a global approach at advocating for peace. We need to particularly tackle online radical groups and even counter those disturbing elements by creating our own spies online. The US operates on a very sophisticated system to tackle such problems and we are on a very good platform to take cognizance of those matters.

Session 20: Global & Regional Jihadi Financial Networks: Threats, Challenges & Responses :

The session was chaired by Nabila Jamaluddin, Indian Journalist and Anchor with speakers such as Dr Michael Barak, Lecturer, Senior Researcher, Head of Global Jihad & Palestine Terrorism Desks, Sylvia Laksmi, Researcher, The Australian National University, Vikram Singh, IPS(Retd), Former Director General of Police, Uttar Pradesh and Beni Chatterjee, Senior Advocate, Bombay High Court.

Session 21: Global & Regional Narcotics Networks :Threats, Challenges & Responses :

The session was chaired by Major Amit Bansal with speakers such as Tauqir Ahmad, Member Board of Governors, Council for Global Policy, Prof. Mahmut Cengiz, Assistant Professor and Research Scholar, Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC), George Mason University and Dr Astha Pandey, Head, Centre of Excellence for Research & Analysis of NDPS and Associate Professor, School of Forensic Science, National Forensic Sciences University, India.

Keynote Address by Lt Gen Chandi Prasad Mohanty, PVSM, AVSM, SM, VSM Vice Chief of Army Staff

Lt Gen. Chandi Prasad Mohanty discussed terrorism is the most important threat to global peace and security, ‘’India a victim of State Sponsored Terrorism’’. India’s approach to countering terrorism has been multidimensional with kinetic actions and focus has been on addressing the root causes, and enhance people centric projects and reports has been highest priority by the government.India’s Counter Terrorism strategy can be in sense defined as “Iron hand with velvet glove”.. Multi Agency Centres such as NIA, The Rashtriya Rifles, Anti Infiltration Obstacle System(AOIS) have been set up at central level to enhance intelligence gathering, sharing and coordinating all the inputs simultaneously.

India has established joint working groups for counter terrorism with multiple countries like BIMSTEC, US, France, UK and Russia, but global cohesive action for common objective is very much needed to end state sponsorship of terrorism.There should be establishment of UN mandated Regional Counter Terrorism Centres to provide professional guidance, Capacity building capabilities of Intelligence, Police, Military and para military forces through training, and interoperability which include communication systems and standard operating procedures and a common database at global and regional level.

Keynote Address by Mahavir Singhvi, IFS, Joint Secretary (Counter Terrorism), Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India

Society is facing new threats and we are in a time where we are not able to tackle such problems effectively. Terrorists are exploiting technology through cyber weapons and sourcing arms and ammunitions from distant suppliers and that is where we are lacking in countering those motives. Same tools that helped us develop our society are currently used as society disruptors. With Covid-19, our online presence has increased manifold, and this is the opportunity that has been used by terrorists to propagate disturban.

Session 22: Global & Regional Maritime Terrorism: Threats, Challenges & Response :

The session was chaired by Vice Admiral Anup Singh, PVSM, AVSM, NM, Former C-in-C, Eastern Naval Command with speakers such as Admiral Mark Montgomery Senior Director of CCTI and Senior Fellow at Foundation for Defence of Democracies (FDD) and Executive Director of CyberSolarium.org, Inspector General Paramesh Sivamani, PTM, TM Commander Coast Guard Region (West), Captain James E. Fanell, Former Naval Intelligence Officer, U.S, Captain Soumyajit Mohanty, Director Information Fusion Centre -Indian Ocean Region and Information Management & Analysis Centre, Indian Navy and Dr Rieko Hayakawa, Maritime Security Advisor for Palau National Security Coordination Office (Title: Who made the Confluence, the Two Seas? Indo-Pacific Strategy and Maritime Security of Pacific Islands)

Session 23: Global Terror Networks: Threats, Challenges & Response :

The session was chaired by Hans Jakob Schindler, Senior Director Counter Extremism Project & Former Coordinator and Expert of the ISIL (Da’esh)/ Al -Qaida/Taliban Sanctions Monitoring Team with speakers such as Suresh Prabhu, Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha, Prof. Christine Fair, PhD, Associate Professor, Security Studies Program, Georgetown University, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service., Cynthia Farahat, Columnist at Al-Maqal and Dr Giovanni Giacalone, Senior Analyst, Europe desk, Islamic Theology of Counter-Terrorism-ITCT

Keynote Address By Dammu Ravi, IFS, Secretary(Economic Relations), Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India on Countering terrorism with Soft Power:

Economic Multilateral Relation as soft Power for Countering Terrorism.

An indirect approach at countering terrorism would be better. Indirect approach may consist of culture, education, tourism, soft power, among other things. Foreign Policy approach should not be a direct approach, but an indirect approach to mitigate the potential threats of terrorism. India is partnering with countries like Germany, France, USA, and UK to secure economic prosperity and counter terrorism.

Session 24: Global Terror Financing: Strategies & Methodologies :

The session was chaired by Hans Jakob Schindler, Senior Director Counter Extremism Project & Former Coordinator and Expert of the ISIL (Da’esh)/ Al -Qaida/Taliban Sanctions Monitoring Team with speakers such as Shlomit Wagman, Director General- Israel Money Laundering & Terror Financing Prohibition Authority, Israel, Matthew Levitt, Director, Jeanette and Eli Reinhard Program on Counterterrorism and Intelligence and Prof. Fuad Aliyev, Director, Cooperation Department, Financial Monitoring Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan and Dr Vesna Markovic, Professor & Chair, Justice, Law and Public Safety Studies (JLPSS), Lewis University.

Keynote Address by Rand Waltzman, Senior Information Scientist, RAND Corporation on “The Metaverse: The Next Disinformation Frontier”

In the meta world, People cannot be physically together, yet they feel each other’s emotions through being a part of the online verse. This online verse opens up new vulnerabilities and threats to the world like fraud, terror finance, and cyber bullying. Strengthening our forces is one of the able strategies in countering such problems.

Day 5 had 4 sessions and 9 keynote addresses from eminent personalities from all over the globe

Session 25: Enhancing Counterterrorism Capabilities: Intelligence :

Cost-Effective Intelligence Enhancements:

Open Source Intelligence: Social media monitoring, online sources, etc

SIGINT: Network analysis (phone records, legal electronic surveillance etc.), tactical SIGINT,HUMINT,GEOINT Space based Intelligence:Tracking People and Things) facial recognition, vehicles, etc Electronics (ELINT) and Radar-based intelligence. Decentralized Autonomous Intelligence setups/trends Data fusion and Extraction of Intelligence. Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT).

The session was chaired by Prabha Rao: Executive Council Member, GCTC & Former Special Secretary(CAB. Sectt) with speakers such as Shlomo Mofaz (Col.Res): ICT, IDC Herzliya, former Head counter Terrorism Analysis Department, Military Intelligence Directorate. IDF., Dr B K Das: Outstanding Scientist, Director IRDE, DRDO., Dr Federico Borgonovo: Researcher and Analyst at ITSTIME, Danny Citrinowicz: Middle East, National Security, Intelligence (WEBINT specialist) and Marco Zaliani: Researcher and Analyst at ITSTIME

Session 26: Enhancing Counterterrorism Capabilities: Training :

Effect based Intelligence Networks Training

Network Analysis Data Fusion

Strengthening the fusion between intelligence & Operations for combating terrorism

Police Commissioner of the National Police of The Netherlands

The session was chaired by Vice Admiral Shekhar Sinha, Executive Council Member-GCTC & Former CISC & FOC-in-Chief, Western Naval Command, Indian Navy with speakers such as Maj Gen David Tsur, Former Member of the Knesset & Former Commander, Tel-Aviv District Police Israel, Rob Out, Project Leader CTER (PCVE) Police Commissioner of the National Police of The Netherlands, Dr Akshay Pottathil, Adjunct Faculty, National Forensic Sciences University, President, Intelligence Research Institute, USA and Lecturer, Geospatial Intelligence at the San Diego State University, USA., CDR (ret.) Dr Eyal Pinko, Chief Executive Officer at TERRA STRATEGIC SOLUTIONS; President at International Institute for Migration and Security Research.


Keynote Address By Col. Lokesh Kumar, SC, Group Commander 52 SAG, National Security Guard on the topic “NSG in handling of Aircraft Hijack Operations

NSG has a huge role to play in countering the hijack operations and securing our country from terror infiltrators.

Keynote Address by Dr Pravin Mehta, DG DRDO

Dr. Praveen Mehta started his address by explaining the importance of surveillance and CCTV provisions. He explained how India has always given great importance to surveillance but still we witnessed URI and PATHANKOT in 2016. He also explained how the U.S. and Israel have developed advanced systems for surveillance but there is still room for false alarms and errors which they are still working on.

Back at DRDO they believe in three key aspects to depend, identify and combat at their division working on defence and surveillance, and dedicating special emphasis on widening their range on surveillance and monitoring.

He drew great emphasis on the advancements that the DRDO is working on along with day and night surveillance with target setting.

Keynote Address by Vice Admiral Satish Namdeo Ghormade, AVSM, NM, Vice Chief of Naval Staff

With the advancement of technology, the sphere of terrorism has grown to many fields. Islamic presence is growing in the Indian Ocean region because of which our connection in terms of land and sea is a vulnerability that we must encounter.

Keynote Address by Rear Admiral Y. N. Jayarathna, Chief of Staff, Sri Lanka, Navy

There is a lack of effective surveillance and communication in the Indian Ocean region , therefore strong regional cooperation is very much needed. Information and Intelligence sharing is required in different operational areas from different countries. Wider intelligence sharing and wider cooperative mechanism is needed. Diplomatic coordination, effective control mechanisms, and wider outreach is needed.

Keynote Address by Maj Gen Jeewaka Ruwan Kulatunga, RSP, ndc, psc, Chief of National Intelligence, Sri Lanka :

Among BIMSTEC countries, Intelligence sharing has widely evolved and grown. Being a concurrent responsibility of all member countries, Intelligence sharing to counter terrorism becomes a shared care for all. Growth of National and Transnational intelligence networks have given great impetus to the issues of intelligence sharing. But intel should be based on trust and reciprocity.

Keynote Address by Lt. Gen. Kanwal Jeet Singh Dhillon, UYSM, YSM, VSM, Defence Intelligence Agency

We need to understand the nuances of ground level terrorism and how can we aim to forfiet such operations right from the ground. We need a comprehensive background knowledge before we can exercise counter terrorism operations. Without much support from the people, mainstay of terrorism cannot sustain for long. Therefore, winning over the people is our best strategy at countering such threats.

Keynote Address by Air Marshal Narmdeshwar Tiwari, VM Deputy Chief of the Air Staff (DCAS), Indian Air Force

We need a robust surveillance system for countering such threats in the future. Imbibing new technologies should become part of the DNA of conventional security operators as it is the only way for us to remain future ready and relevant.

Keynote Address by General Daya Ratnayake, Secretary, Ministry of Industries, Government of Sri Lanka & Former Commander in Chief, Sri Lankan Army & Chairman, SriLankan Port Authority.

Recent attacks in many parts of the world highlighted the dynamic nature of extremism. Technologies like internet and mobile communications have helped in recent years to diffuse terrorism and some of its aspects. Today, extremism is going to have a generational impact and we must act strong to tackle the same.

Session 27: UAV, UCAV & UAS- Threat and Countermeasures :

Threats & vulnerabilities.

Mitigation strategies.

Role of civil industry

Companies in Civil Aviation.

The session was chaired by Air Marshal KK Nohwar, Former Director General, Centre for Airpower Studies with speakers such as Lt Gen PJS Pannu, PVSM, AVSM, VSM(Retd), Former Deputy Chief Indian Integrated Defence Staff (Operations), Group Captain Ajay Purandare, Head, Centre for Futuristic Defence Studies, National Forensic Sciences University, India, Cmde TV Sunil, Commodore (Naval Air Staff).

Session 28: Emerging Technologies & Methodologies: Future Threats, Challenges & Responses :

Cyber( data privacy, data security, cybercrime, data sovereignty)- Challenges of CyberSpace Space AI Disruptive Tech

The session was chaired by Lt Gen PJS Pannu, PVSM, AVSM, VSM(Retd) Former Deputy Chief Indian Integrated Defence Staff (Operations) with key speakers such Malcolm Davis, Senior Analyst, Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Paolo Lezzi, Executive Vice president EUCACS (European Center for Advanced Cyber Security), Founder & CEO InTheCyber Group, Shri G Narendra Nath, Joint Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat, Prof. (Dr.) Naveen Kumar Chaudhary, Dean, School of Cyber Security & Digital Forensics, and Head, Cyber Defence Centre, National Forensic Sciences University, India, Annie Fixler, Foundation for Defence for Democracies, Lino Antonio Buono, CTO of Memento Labs, Dr Akshay Pottathil, Adjunct Faculty, National Forensic Sciences University of India, President, Intelligence Research Institute, USA and Lecturer, Geospatial Intelligence at the San Diego State University, USA.

Keynote Address by Meenakshi Lekhi, Minister of State for External Affairs & Minister of State for Culture, Government of India

There is a pressing need for a collaborative approach at dealing with terrorism. We are actively promoting inclusivism and actively shunning extremist ideologies that intend to break the fabric of our nation. Under the UN systems, Listing and De-Listing of terror individuals must be done objectively and transparently without bias. The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) must continue to identify and strengthen the systems that aim to curb money laundering. India has a continuous and consistent stand for waging a war against terrrorism. Efforts must be made to not distinguish good terrorists and bad terrorists.

The final day of the conference saw the convergence of ideas in 8 sessions and 1 keynote address.

Session 29: Media, Terrorism and Society: Perspectives and Trends in Digital Age. Online & Offline Recruitment :

The session was chaired by Lt Gen Deependra Hooda, Former GOC-in-C, Northern Command with speakers such as Indrani Bagchi, Diplomatic Editor at The Times of India and Brigadier Vinod Dutta, Sr. Consultant at DDF Consultants Private Limited.

Session 30: Terrorism Fake News & Multiplicity of News Narratives :

The session was chaired by Lt Gen Kamal Jit Singh, Executive Council-GCTC, Former GOC-in-C, Western Army Command, Indian Army with speakers such as Kartikeya Sharma, Senior Journalist, Prof. Dani Belo, Webster University, Dr Kriti Singh, Assistant Professor, School of Media, Film and Entertainment, Sharda University.

Session 31: The Sociology and Psychology of Violent Extremism :

Global Threat of Growing Radical Far Right

The session was chaired by Dr Liram Koblentz, Senior Researcher, Head-Global Far-Right Extremism Desk with Faiz Sobhan, Senior Research Director, Bangladesh Enterprise Institute (BEI), Prof. Yvonne M. Vissing, Salem State University and Alexander Ritzmann, Counter Extremism Project.

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Session 32: The Sociology and Psychology of Violent Extremism :

Anatomy of Suicide Attacks

The session was moderated by Lt Gen Vinod Bhatia, Former Director General Military Operations with speakers such as Chief Supt. Asher Ben Artzi (retd.), former Chief Superintendent(Retd) & Former Director- Interpol, Israel Police, Molly Ellenberg, Research fellow, International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism (ICSVE) and Dr Priyanka Kacker, Senior Assistant Professor, School of Forensic Psychology, National Forensic Sciences University, India.

Session 33: The Sociology and Psychology of Violent Extremism :

How Should Islam Defeat Religious Extremism?

The session was moderated by Zafar Sareshwala, Former Chancellor-Maulana Azad National Urdu University with speakers such as Lt Gen Naeem Khalid Lodhi, Former Defence Minister, Former Defence Secretary of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Syed Salman Chishty, Chairman, Chishty Foundation, Noor Dahri, Founder and Executive Director, Islamic Theology of Counter Terrorism.

Session 34: Assessing Radicalisation and Counter-Radicalization Programmes :

Challenges in De-radicalisation

The Effectiveness of Islamist Counter-Narratives

The session was chaired by Aditya Tikoo, Founder Convener, Global Counter Terrorism Council with speakers such as Lt Col Larry Gbevlo-Lartey, Founder and Executive Chairman, Human Security Research Centre, Kente Mbli Street, Dzorwulu-Accra, Dr Adil Rasheed, Research Fellow, Coordinator, Counter Terrorism Centre., Lorena Atiyas Lvovsky, Deputy to the Director of Research, The International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), Dr Pavithran Nambiar, Former Gujarat Police Officer and Senior Faculty, School of Police Science & Security Studies, National Forensic Sciences University, India. and Jaideep Saikia, Security Expert.

Keynote Address by Rakesh Asthana, Delhi Police Commissioner and Former Director General -Border Security Forces, on human rights and Counter Terrorism

Human Rights Commission are at the forefront at tackling terrorism by advocating for peace and mental stability. Countering terrorism and protecting human rights are the two sides of the same coin. Law enforcement and security agencies are usually the first point of contact for victims

Session 35 Human Rights & Counter Terrorism: Context & Overview :

Child Soldiers, Women & Family Issues Counter Terror Trials and Human Rights

The session was chaired by Maj Gen (Prof.) Nilendra Kumar, AVSM, VSM Executive President Indian Society of International Law & Former Judge, Advocate General, Indian Army, and speakers such as Justice L Narsimha Reddy, Former Chairman CAT, Vikram Singh, IPS(Retd), Former Director General of Police, Uttar Pradesh, Sanjoy Hazarika, Director-CSRI & Managing Trustee-Centre for North East Studies, Jamia Millia Islamia University, Prof. Pankaj Gupta, Dean & Executive Director, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sarosh Bana, Executive Editor, Business India, Babloo Lointongbam, Human Rights Alert, Manipur.

Session 36: Counter Terrorism & International Humanitarian Law :

CT Measures & Humanitarian Delivery. Counter Terrorism Sanction & Humanitarian Access.

The session was chaired by Maj Gen (Prof.) Nilendra Kumar, AVSM, VSM Executive President Indian Society of International Law & Former Judge, Advocate General, Indian Army and speakers such as Adria De Landri, Resident Fellow, Academic Unit, International Institute for Justice and the Rule of Law in Malta, Dr Ahmed Abozaid, Fellow, Columbia University’s Program on Exiting Violence, Dr Helen Durham, Director, International Law and Policy at ICRC, Dr Benarji Chakka, Professor of International Law and Dean, VIT-AP School of Law, VIT-AP University and Col DPK Pillay, Research Fellow, Manohar Parrikar Institute of Defence Analyses, India.

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